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Wilbright WA, Birke JA, Patout CA, Varnado M, Horswell R, et al.
Advances in skin & wound care. Date of publication 2004 Jun 1;volume 17(5 Pt 1):232-8.
1. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2004 Jun;17(5 Pt 1):232-8. The use of telemedicine in the management of diabetes-related foot ulceration: a pilot study. Wilbright WA(1), Birke JA, Patout CA, Varnado M, Horswell R. Author information: (1)Medical Informatics and Telemedicine Program, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Louisiana Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the management of forefoot ulcerations through telemedicine is medically equivalent to ulcer care at a diabetes foot program. DESIGN: Nonrandomized comparison of forefoot ulcer healing rates. SETTING: The Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Diabetes Foot Program, Baton Rouge, LA, and Lallie Kemp Medical Center, Independence, LA. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty consecutive patients with diabetes were treated for neuropathic forefoot ulcerations via telemedicine consultation and 120 consecutive patients with diabetes were treated face-to-face at a diabetes foot program. INTERVENTIONS: Management of forefoot ulcers by a certified wound care nurse trained in the use of a staged management approach algorithm and alternative off-loading methods, supported by real-time interactive telemedicine consultation. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES: Forefoot ulcer healing time in days, percentage of wounds healed in 12 weeks, and healing time ratio (adjusted for age, gender, ulcer duration, location, size, crossover, and grade). RESULTS: No differences were found between the telemedicine and diabetes foot program groups in the average forefoot ulcer healing time (43.2 + 29.3 vs. and 45.5 + 43.4 days, P =.828), the percent of forefoot ulcers healed in 12 weeks (75 % vs. 81%, P =.546) and the adjusted healing time ratio (1.40 vs 1.00, P =.104). CONCLUSION: These data appear to support the effectiveness of real-time interactive telemedicine consultation in the management of diabetes-related forefoot ulceration. DOI: 10.1097/00129334-200406000-00012 PMID: 15192491 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
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Telehealth in Wound Care - Evidence and Best Practices