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Maida V, Corbo M, Dolzhykov M, Ennis M, Irani S, Trozzolo L, et al.
International wound journal. Date of publication 2008 Jun 1;volume 5(2):305-14.
1. Int Wound J. 2008 Jun;5(2):305-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2007.00379.x. Wounds in advanced illness: a prevalence and incidence study based on a prospective case series. Maida V(1), Corbo M, Dolzhykov M, Ennis M, Irani S, Trozzolo L. Author information: (1)Division of Palliative Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. vincent.maida@utoronto.ca A prospective observational sequential case series was studied in order to ascertain an accurate inventory of the various wound types, their point prevalence and incidence rates and their anatomic locations in patients with advanced illness. Five hundred and ninety-three patients were serially assessed until their deaths. Forty-three individual wound types were identified and grouped into nine distinct classes. Data were stratified between patients suffering from malignant and non malignant disorders. One thousand and thirty-six individual wounds (average 1.8 wounds per patient) were identified at baseline. Eight hundred and ninety-one individual wounds (average 1.5 wounds per patient) were identified between baseline and their date of death. Pressure ulcers constituted the most commonly occurring wound class affecting more than 50% of all patients. Malignant wounds were observed only in cancer patients. Baseline point prevalence for pressure ulcers, traumatic wounds, venous ulcers and arterial ulcers in non cancer patients exceeded that in cancer patients. At baseline, iatrogenic wounds were more prevalent in cancer patients than in non cancer patients. Incidence rates for pressure ulcers, traumatic wounds, diabetic ulcers, arterial ulcers and ostomies in non cancer patients exceeded those in cancer patients. The broad range of wounds along with high rates of prevalence and incidence, identified in this study, reflects that wounds represent a significant management issue for patients with advanced illness. Therefore, there exists a need for advancement in modalities and measures aimed at risk assessment, prevention and appropriate goal-oriented management. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2007.00379.x PMID: 18494636 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
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Arterial Ulcer - Introduction and Assessment