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Bishopp A, Oakes A, Antoine-Pitterson P, Chakraborty B, Comer D, Mukherjee R, et al.
The Ulster medical journal. Date of publication 2019 Jan 1;volume 88(1):17-20.
1. Ulster Med J. 2019 Jan;88(1):17-20. Epub 2019 Jan 22. The Preventative Effect of Hydrocolloid Dressings on Nasal Bridge Pressure Ulceration in Acute Non-Invasive Ventilation. Bishopp A(1), Oakes A(1), Antoine-Pitterson P(1), Chakraborty B(2), Comer D(1), Mukherjee R(1). Author information: (1)Department of Respiratory Medicine & Physiology, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Bordesley Green East, Birmingham, B9 5SS, UK. (2)School of Mathematics, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. Background: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a valuable treatment in the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. NIV is not without risks. One such adverse effect is the development of pressure ulcers over the nasal bridge which have an incidence of up to 20% of patients requiring NIV in this setting. The role of medical devices in the development of hospital acquired pressure ulcers has been increasingly recognised with 10-35% of all hospital acquired ulcers attributed to medical devices. Guidelines on acute NIV use suggest good skin care strategies. However, data on the magnitude of the problem of nasal bridge pressure ulceration and the effect of proactive preventative steps remains scant. Method: A quality improvement project was designed to reduce the incidence of nasal bridge pressure ulcers during acute NIV. Hydrocolloid dressings were placed over the nasal bridge in all patients requiring NIV between 30th October 2015 and the 29th October 2016. Tissue viability was assessed daily with new pressure ulceration defined as grade 2 or above. Rates of nasal bridge pressure ulcers were compared to all patients requiring NIV in the 12-month period prior to intervention. Results: In Group 1, there were 161 admissions and 9 grade 2 pressure ulcers from 666 NIV bed-days. In Group 2 there were 134 admissions and 0 pressure ulcers from 718 NIV bed-days. There was a statistically significant reduction in grade 2 pressure ulceration rates (p= 0.0013) in Group 2 compared to Group 1. Conclusion: Application of an early prophylactic pressure-relieving hydrocolloid nasal dressing reduces the risk of developing grade 2 pressure ulcers in patients in patients requiring acute NIV. PMCID: PMC6342034 PMID: 30675073 Conflict of interest statement: Provenance: externally peer-reviewed.
Appears in following Topics:
Pressure Ulcers/Injuries - Prevention