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Liu P, Shen WQ, Chen HL, et al.
Journal of wound care. Date of publication 2017 Jun 2;volume 26(6):319-323.
1. J Wound Care. 2017 Jun 2;26(6):319-323. doi: 10.12968/jowc.2017.26.6.319. Efficacy of arginine-enriched enteral formulas for the healing of pressure ulcers: a systematic review. Liu P(1), Shen WQ(1), Chen HL(1). Author information: (1)Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, PR China. OBJECTIVE: Arginine improves healing and modulates inflammation and the immune response. This systematic review aimed to assess the effect of arginine-enriched enteral formulas in pressure ulcer (PU) healing. METHOD: Systematic computerised searches of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, ENTRAL and CINAHL databases were performed from their inception to 20 January 2016. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included in this systematic review. We used the Jadad scale as a quality assessment tool. RESULTS: There were seven RCTs with 369 patients included in this systematic review; four RCTs assessed healing by PU area reduction. All of them reported arginine-enriched enteral nutrition led to a significant improved PU healing compared with standard hospital diet in 2-12 weeks follow-up. Among these four RCTs, one enrolled malnourished patients, one enrolled non-malnourished patients, and the other two studies did not restrict the nutritional status of the patients. Using the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH) four RCTs assessed healing of PU, all reporting arginine-enriched enteral nutrition resulted in a significant PUSH score improvement compared with control at follow-up. Using the Pressure Sore Status Tool (PSST) one RCT assessed healing of PUs, finding patients receiving arginine had the lowest PSST scores compared with controls. An RCT compared healing with two doses of arginine (4.5g versus 9g), but no difference was found between the doses. CONCLUSION: Evidence showed that arginine-enriched enteral nutrition led to a significant improvement in PU healing. It was effective not only in malnourished patients, but also in non-malnourished patients. DOI: 10.12968/jowc.2017.26.6.319 PMID: 28598762
Appears in following Topics:
Pressure Ulcers/Injuries - Treatment