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Taylor DM, O'Toole KS, Auble TE, Ryan CM, Sherman DR, et al.
Pharmacotherapy. Date of publication 2000 Sep 1;volume 20(9):1045-50.
1. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Sep;20(9):1045-50. The psychometric and cardiac effects of pseudoephedrine in the hyperbaric environment. Taylor DM(1), O'Toole KS, Auble TE, Ryan CM, Sherman DR. Author information: (1)Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychometric and cardiac effects of pseudoephedrine at 1 and 3 atmospheres (atm) of pressure (0 and 66 feet of sea water, respectively), and to make recommendations about the agent's safety in the diving environment. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. SETTING: Monoplace hyperbaric chamber of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Thirty active divers (mean age 38 yrs). INTERVENTION: A bank of seven tests was used to assess cognitive function during four different simulated dive combinations: placebo-1 atm, placebo3 atm, pseudoephedrine-1 atm, and pseudoephedrine-3 atm. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Heart rate and cardiac rhythm were recorded during all dives. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the effects of pseudoephedrine, depth, and drug-depth interaction. No significant, independent effects of pseudoephedrine were seen on any of the seven psychometric test scores (p>0.05), although the drug tended to increase anxiety scores (p=0.092). Depth resulted in a significant increase in anxiety scores (p=0.021) and a significant decrease in verbal fluency test scores (p=0.041); it had no significant effects on the other five psychometric tests (p>0.05). Pseudoephedrine caused a significant increase (p=0.036) in mean heart rate, and depth caused a significant decrease (p=0.013). Neither pseudoephedrine nor depth affected cardiac rhythm. CONCLUSION: Pseudoephedrine does not cause significant alterations in psychometric performance at 3 atm of pressure that might increase the risk of diving. Depth causes significant adverse effects on anxiety levels and semantic memory at 3 atm. Pseudoephedrine and depth have significant but opposite effects on heart rate; although, these effects are unlikely to be clinically significant during diving. It is unlikely that pseudoephedrine adds significant risk to the diver. PMID: 10999495 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
Appears in following Topics:
Medications In The Hyperbaric Environment
Medications In The Hyperbaric Environment
Medications In The Hyperbaric Environment