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Edmondson SJ, Ali Jumabhoy I, Murray A, et al.
Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. Date of publication 2018 Feb 15;volume ():.
1. Burns. 2018 Feb 15. pii: S0305-4179(18)30034-2. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2018.01.012. [Epub ahead of print] Time to start putting down the knife: A systematic review of burns excision tools of randomised and non-randomised trials. Edmondson SJ(1), Ali Jumabhoy I(2), Murray A(2). Author information: (1)Department of Burns, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Mandeville Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 8AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Sarah.EdmondsonST5@chelwest.nhs.uk. (2)Department of Burns, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Mandeville Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 8AL, United Kingdom. AIMS: Dermal preservation during acute burn excision is key to obtaining superior healing/scar outcomes, however, determining the most appropriate excision tool is an ongoing challenge. Novel tool development means the knife is no longer our only option, yet for the majority it remains the gold standard. This systematic review aims to evaluate evidence for burns excision approaches (knife/hydrosurgery/enzymatic). METHODS: CENTRAL, EMBASE, MEDLINE (1946-2017) were searched with MeSH terms: 'debridement', 'burns', 'sharp', 'enzymatic', 'hydrosurgery'. Relevant randomised control trials (RCTs)/non-randomised controlled case series/trials were extracted/analysed. In vitro/burn non-specific studies were excluded. Main methodological parameters were intervention/excision efficacy. RESULTS: Eighteen articles met inclusion criteria (n=7148): three were RCTs, involving comparator enzymatic (NexoBrid™ (EDNX)) or hydrosurgical (Versajet™) excision to surgical Standard of Care. Both showed statistically significant decreased need for excisional excision and auto-grafting by viable tissue preservation allowing spontaneous healing by epithelialisation. CONCLUSION: Level 1 Evidence comparing excision modalities for acute burns is sparse. Although early excision with a knife is still often considered best practice, there is no tool choice consensus or robust comparison with alternate, possibly superior, tools. EDNX or Versajet™ should be considered alternatively. Further RCTs are indicated, with regards final scar outcomes and to allow consensus within current evidence. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2018.01.012 PMID: 29456099
Appears in following Topics:
Acute Burns - Introduction and Assessment
Acute Burns - Treatment