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Piccolo NS, Piccolo MS, Piccolo PD, Piccolo-Daher R, Piccolo ND, Piccolo MT, et al.
Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, plastische Chirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemein.... Date of publication 2007 Jun 1;volume 39(3):161-7.
1. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2007 Jun;39(3):161-7. Escharotomies, fasciotomies and carpal tunnel release in burn patients--review of the literature and presentation of an algorithm for surgical decision making. Piccolo NS(1), Piccolo MS, Piccolo PD, Piccolo-Daher R, Piccolo ND, Piccolo MT. Author information: (1)Plastic Surgery, Pronto Socorro para Queimaduras, Goiânia, Brazil. nelson-piccolo@hotmail.com Escharotomies are usually performed in patients with circumferential third degree burns of the extremities or anterior trunk. Fasciotomies are recommended for patients who sustained high voltage (or associated crush) injuries, with entrance or exit wounds in one or more extremities. Carpal tunnel release is practiced routinely in some services for cases of electrical injury. We have reviewed the literature which provides relatively little information as to when should these procedures actually be performed and what would happen if they were not done. We present a series of patients treated at our institution when an algorithm was used for surgical decision making as to when (or not) to operate (perform an escharotomy, a fasciotomy or a carpal tunnel release), based on clinical signs and monitoring alternatives, using the oximeter and the Doppler flowmeter. 13 938 burn patients were treated at our institution during the year of 2005. Of these, 571, with an average of 22.3 % TBSA, were treated as inpatients. Of these, 58 (10.3 %) had circumferential or electrical burns of one or more extremities. Patients were monitored hourly from admission and decision to operate was based on clinical signs and in absent or below 90 % oximetry, regardless of Doppler flow signs. 68 % were males, 6 (11.3 %) patients had immediate escharotomies, while 4 (7.5 %) had immediate fasciotomies. 2 of these patients were operated regardless of positive Doppler sign but no oximetry. All patients recovered oximetry over 90 % immediately after the operations. 3 patients had negative Doppler sign but oximetry > 90 % and were not operated. 3 patients had carpal tunnel releases based on oximetry < 90 % and symptoms of compression of the median nerve. Patients who were not operated fared well with no signs or symptoms of impairment of circulation or nerve damage up to their 3 and 6 months reevaluations. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-965322 PMID: 17602377 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
Appears in following Topics:
Acute Burns - Introduction and Assessment
Acute Burns - Treatment