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Sánchez-Sánchez M, García-de-Lorenzo A, Asensio MJ, et al.
Medicina intensiva. Date of publication 2016 Mar 1;volume 40(2):118-24.
1. Med Intensiva. 2016 Mar;40(2):118-24. doi: 10.1016/j.medin.2015.12.001. Epub 2016 Feb 9. First resuscitation of critical burn patients: progresses and problems. [Article in English, Spanish] Sánchez-Sánchez M(1), García-de-Lorenzo A(2), Asensio MJ(2). Author information: (1)Hospital Universitario La Paz/Carlos III, Instituto de Investigación IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: manuelsanchezsa@gmail.com. (2)Hospital Universitario La Paz/Carlos III, Instituto de Investigación IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain. Currently, the aim of the resuscitation of burn patients is to maintain end-organ perfusion with fluid intake as minimal as possible. To avoid excess intake, we can improve the estimation using computer methods. Parkland and Brooke are the commonly used formulas, and recently, a new, an easy formula is been used, i.e. the 'Rule of TEN'. Fluid resuscitation should be titrated to maintain the urine output of approximately 30-35 mL/h for an average-sized adult. The most commonly used fluids are crystalloid, but the phenomenon of creep flow has renewed interest in albumin. In severely burn patients, monitoring with transpulmonary thermodilution together with lactate, ScvO2 and intraabdominal pressures is a good option. Nurse-driven protocols or computer-based resuscitation algorithms reduce the dependence on clinical decision making and decrease fluid resuscitation intake. High-dose vitamin C, propranolol, the avoidance of excessive use of morphine and mechanical ventilation are other useful resources. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and SEMICYUC. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1016/j.medin.2015.12.001 PMID: 26873418 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
Appears in following Topics:
Acute Burns - Introduction and Assessment
Acute Burns - Treatment