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Yoshida EJ, Chen H, Torres M, Andic F, Liu HY, Chen Z, Sun X, Curran WJ, Liu T, et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics. Date of publication 2012 Feb 1;volume 82(2):724-31.
1. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Feb 1;82(2):724-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.12.066. Epub 2011 Mar 23. Reliability of quantitative ultrasonic assessment of normal-tissue toxicity in breast cancer radiotherapy. Yoshida EJ(1), Chen H, Torres M, Andic F, Liu HY, Chen Z, Sun X, Curran WJ, Liu T. Author information: (1)Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. PURPOSE: We have recently reported that ultrasound imaging, together with ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC), can provide quantitative assessment of radiation-induced normal-tissue toxicity. This study's purpose is to evaluate the reliability of our quantitative ultrasound technology in assessing acute and late normal-tissue toxicity in breast cancer radiotherapy. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Our ultrasound technique analyzes radiofrequency echo signals and provides quantitative measures of dermal, hypodermal, and glandular tissue toxicities. To facilitate easy clinical implementation, we further refined this technique by developing a semiautomatic ultrasound-based toxicity assessment tool (UBTAT). Seventy-two ultrasound studies of 26 patients (720 images) were analyzed. Images of 8 patients were evaluated for acute toxicity (<6 months postradiotherapy) and those of 18 patients were evaluated for late toxicity (≥ 6 months postradiotherapy). All patients were treated according to a standard radiotherapy protocol. To assess intraobserver reliability, one observer analyzed 720 images in UBTAT and then repeated the analysis 3 months later. To assess interobserver reliability, three observers (two radiation oncologists and one ultrasound expert) each analyzed 720 images in UBTAT. An intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate intra- and interobserver reliability. Ultrasound assessment and clinical evaluation were also compared. RESULTS: Intraobserver ICC was 0.89 for dermal toxicity, 0.74 for hypodermal toxicity, and 0.96 for glandular tissue toxicity. Interobserver ICC was 0.78 for dermal toxicity, 0.74 for hypodermal toxicity, and 0.94 for glandular tissue toxicity. Statistical analysis found significant changes in dermal (p < 0.0001), hypodermal (p = 0.0027), and glandular tissue (p < 0.0001) assessments in the acute toxicity group. Ultrasound measurements correlated with clinical Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) toxicity scores of patients in the late toxicity group. Patients with RTOG Grade 1 or 2 had greater ultrasound-assessed toxicity percentage changes than patients with RTOG Grade 0. CONCLUSION: Early and late radiation-induced effects on normal tissue can be reliably assessed using quantitative ultrasound. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.12.066 PMCID: PMC3156354 PMID: 21435799 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
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Radiation-induced Cutaneous Damage - Introduction and Assessment