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Aitasalo K, Aro H, et al.
Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Date of publication 1986 Feb 1;volume 77(2):256-67.
1. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1986 Feb;77(2):256-67. Irradiation-induced hypoxia in bones and soft tissues: an experimental study. Aitasalo K, Aro H. Bone marrow and subcutaneous tissue pO2 and pCO2 were measured by means of implanted tissue tonometers in irradiated and nonirradiated rabbit hind limbs. The x-ray dose was 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, and 3000 rads. Tissue gas tensions were measured 1 day and 5 and 11 weeks after radiation. The pCO2 changes in both tissues were slight but not statistically significant. The subcutaneous tissue pO2 decreased during the acute phase of irradiation injury, and the effect of irradiation was dose-dependent. Later on, irradiation had no significant effects on the subcutaneous pO2, although light microscopy of the affected tissues showed fibrosis and blood vessel changes. The response of the subcutaneous pO2 to systemic hyperoxia also increased in the chronic phase of irradiation injury as a sign of improved microcirculation. The bone marrow showed a high radiosensitivity. Irradiation caused a rapid dose-dependent decrease of the marrow pO2, and the marrow pO2 decreased with time during the chronic phase of irradiation injury. The marrow pO2 responded slowly and marginally to an increment of arterial pO2 during breathing 100% oxygen as further evidence of impaired vascular pattern. The results showed that irradiation causes only a transient impairment of tissue perfusion in the skin. However, irradiation-damaged marrow was characterized by progressive tissue hypoxia. PMID: 3080764 [Indexed for MEDLINE]
Appears in following Topics:
Radiation-induced Cutaneous Damage - Introduction and Assessment