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National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK)
. Date of publication 2014 Apr 1;volume ():.
1. The Prevention and Management of Pressure Ulcers in Primary and Secondary Care. National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK). London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (UK); 2014 Apr. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence: Guidance . Prevention of pressure ulcers usually involves an assessment to identify people most at risk of pressure ulcers, such as elderly, immobile people or those with spinal cord injury. Assessments are most commonly carried out using specific pressure area risk scores (for example, the Braden or Waterlow scales for predicting pressure sore risk or the, Glamorgan scale for paediatric pressure ulcers). Pressure ulcers are assessed, and potential treatment options include wound dressings, debridement, physical therapy, antibiotics and antimicrobials. Mobilising, positioning and repositioning interventions, and support surfaces are used in combination with other wound management strategies. Nutritional assessment is usually carried out so that nutritional deficiencies can be addressed. Surgical interventions for debridement or to obtain coverage with skin flaps may be performed in some patients. If poor circulation is a contributory factor, vascular surgical intervention may be used. Infection may also be treated if it is a contributory factor to the persistence of the ulcer or is causing systematic illness or cellulitis. There is variation in the consistency of approach to pressure ulcer prevention, and to treatment and care of established pressure ulcers across the NHS in both secondary and primary care. There is a need for guidance to rationalise the approaches used for prevention, treatment and care of pressure ulcers, and to ensure practice is based on the best available evidence. PMID: 25340232
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Negative Pressure Wound Therapy