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Fleck CA, Simman R, et al.
The journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists. Date of publication 2011 Aug 1;volume 2(3):50-4.
1. J Am Col Certif Wound Spec. 2011 Aug 1;2(3):50-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jcws.2010.12.003. eCollection 2010 Sep. Modern collagen wound dressings: function and purpose. Fleck CA(1), Simman R(2). Author information: (1)Medline Industries, Advanced Wound Care Division, Mundelein, IL 60060, USA. (2)Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Miamisburg, OH 45342, USA. Collagen, which is produced by fibroblasts, is the most abundant protein in the human body. A natural structural protein, collagen is involved in all 3 phases of the wound-healing cascade. It stimulates cellular migration and contributes to new tissue development. Because of their chemotactic properties on wound fibroblasts, collagen dressings encourage the deposition and organization of newly formed collagen, creating an environment that fosters healing. Collagen-based biomaterials stimulate and recruit specific cells, such as macrophages and fibroblasts, along the healing cascade to enhance and influence wound healing. These biomaterials can provide moisture or absorption, depending on the delivery system. Collagen dressings are easy to apply and remove and are conformable. Collagen dressings are usually formulated with bovine, avian, or porcine collagen. Oxidized regenerated cellulose, a plant-based material, has been combined with collagen to produce a dressing capable of binding to and protecting growth factors by binding and inactivating matrix metalloproteinases in the wound environment. The increased understanding of the biochemical processes involved in chronic wound healing allows the design of wound care products aimed at correcting imbalances in the wound microenvironment. Traditional advanced wound care products tend to address the wound's macroenvironment, including moist wound environment control, fluid management, and controlled transpiration of wound fluids. The newer class of biomaterials and wound-healing agents, such as collagen and growth factors, targets specific defects in the chronic wound environment. In vitro laboratory data point to the possibility that these agents benefit the wound healing process at a biochemical level. Considerable evidence has indicated that collagen-based dressings may be capable of stimulating healing by manipulating wound biochemistry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcws.2010.12.003 PMCID: PMC3601889 PMID: 24527149
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Dressing Essentials