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Van Hecke, Ann; Grypdonck, Maria; Defloor, Tom, et al.
Journal of Clinical Nursing. Date of publication 2009 Feb 1;volume 18(3):337-349.
AIM: To provide an overview of what is known thus far about reasons for and determinants of non-adherent behaviour. BACKGROUND: Compression, leg exercises and leg elevation are regarded as essential components in leg ulcer treatment and in the prevention of ulcer recurrence. Non-adherence to leg ulcer regimen is a major problem. Reasons for non-adherence are not fully understood. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHOD: Medline, CINAHL and the Cochrane database were explored from 1995 - December 2007. Reference lists of retrieved articles were searched. Studies were eligible if they included patients with venous or mixed leg ulcers, reported reasons or determinants of non-adherence and were published in English, Dutch, French or German. Thirty-one studies were included. RESULTS: Non-adherence is a multidimensional problem. Pain, discomfort and lack of valid lifestyle advice by healthcare professionals were primary reasons for non-adherence from patient's perspective. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals mainly focus on patient-related factors such as poor motivation, lack of knowledge and understanding and unwillingness. The beliefs that compression was unnecessary, uncomfortable, worthwhile and prevented recurrence significantly determined (non-)adherence. RELEVANCE TO NURSING AND NURSING SCIENCE: Interventions to promote adherence will require a multifaceted approach and a holistic comprehensive assessment. Therapeutic non-judgemental relationships are essential to enhance patient adherence. Effective pain management is recommended and social support by family or significant others could be encouraged. Healthcare professionals should give clear, unambiguous and tailored information. Research can best focus on the factors and processes affecting patient adherence to leg ulcer treatment. Comprehensive adherence-enhancing strategies could be developed and their effectiveness should be tested.
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Compression Therapy