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Svensjö, T; Pomahac, B; Yao, F; Slama, J; Eriksson, E, et al.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Date of publication 2000 Sep 1;volume 106(3):602-12; discussion 613.
Full-thickness skin wounds are preferably allowed to heal under controlled hydration dressings such as hydrocolloids. It was hypothesized that a wet (liquid) environment rather than a dry or moist one would accelerate the wound healing process. We compared skin repair by secondary intention in full-thickness skin wounds in wet (saline), moist (hydrocolloid), and dry (gauze) conditions in an established porcine wound healing model. The study included three animals with a total of 70 wounds layered in a standardized fashion on the back of young Yorkshire pigs. Twelve days after wounding, 0 percent of dry, 20 percent of moist, and 86 percent of saline-treated wounds were completely reepithelialized (p values = 0.0046 and 0.027 for saline wounds compared with dry and moist wounds, respectively). The accelerated healing was caused at least in part by faster contraction in wet wounds (p value < 0.005 compared with that of other groups 9 and 12 days after wounding). Development of granulation tissue was faster in moist conditions than it was for dry and wet wounds. The thickness and number of cell layers of the newly formed epidermis were greater in dry and wet wounds than in moist ones. It was concluded that these full-thickness porcine skin wounds healed faster in a wet environment than in a moist one. Dry wounds healed more slowly than moist wounds. The basic mechanisms of skin wound repair were influenced by the treatment modality as demonstrated by the observed differences in granulation tissue formation, reepithelialization, and rate of wound contraction.
Appears in following Topics:
Diabetic Foot Ulcer - Treatment
Pressure Ulcers/Injuries - Treatment
Skin Tears - Treatment and Prevention